P2 Mask Virus









ARCHIVED Blog Pages; INDEX; Abbreviations; Reference Pages. 3 micron and 'flu are larger than this at 0. The final layer of the mask has been developed by the UK’s Ministry of Defence and filters out viruses, bacteria and gas pollution such as Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Ozone. Mask usage during pandemic influenza Guidance for non-health care employers This guidance is intended to assist employers, including governments, businesses, community-based organizations and others in developing policies to decrease transmission of influenza in workplace settings. The demand mounted in the past 10 days as the death toll from the virus climbed. Filters out 95% of viruses, bacteria, dust, chemicals, particles, pollen and smoke. You would require a self-contained breathing apparatus with a HEPA filter, the type which DOES filter out ALL viruses. Dust particles are the main source of PM10. 3M™ Cupped Particulate Respirator & Surgical Mask 1860S (small size), N95 with Fluid Resistance 3M™ VFlex™ Particulate Respirator 9102A, P1 - standard size 3M™ Cupped Particulate Welding Respirator 8514, P2, with Nuisance Level* Organic Vapour Relief, valved. 3M provides a variety of innovative technologies and features - all designed to provide comfort, convenience and value. These types of masks have also been fairly popular and appear to be a good option. INTRODUCTION. Respiratory protection in the form of disposable dust masks come in three ratings: FFP1, FFP2, and FFP3 - FFP stands for "Filtering FacePiece" and the number denotes the level of protection. SALE ENDS SOON – GET YOURS TODAY!FREE SHIPPING: NO SURPRISES!50% OFF TODAY MASK SUPPORTS BELOW STANDARDS: • N95 (United States NIOSH-42CFR84) • P2 (Australia/New Zealand AS/NZA 1716:2012)• FFP2 (Europe EN 149-2001) • KN95 (China GB2626-2006) • Korea 1st class (Korea KMOEL - 2017-64) • DS (Japan JMHLW-Notification 214,. A member of the Thai Airways crew wearing a protective suit and mask is seen before disinfecting the cabin of an aircraft of the national carrier during a procedure to prevent the spread of the coronavirus at Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi International Airport, Thailand, January 28, 2020. A premium half mask, offering maximum protection and comfort. Sale Out of stock. Fit checks ensure that the mask is sealed over the bridge of the nose and mouth and that there are no gaps in the seal between the mask and the face. Big Win Latex Reusable Latex Gloves, Extra Long Cuff - 1 pair. A Federal Health Department spokesperson said on March 24 that the government had contracted suppliers to provide 54 million surgical masks and P2 respirators for the national medical stockpile. Just like the N95, they don't work well against oil-based pollutants, but are better than the former. Please email [email protected] A notice to customers at Bunnings attributed "unprecedented demand" for the masks to coronavirus. £740 Ideal Boiler + XAdey Filter + Ideal Flu Kit; From £20 Double Panel Radiators; From £40 Radiator Covers. 5 from the air you breathe. Class P2 particulate filters are used for protection against mechanically and thermally generated particulates or both e. • Are typically donned for a specific procedure and disposed of afterward. 0 Australia licence. Nominal protection factor of full face mask with particle filter P2: 16 16 ×0. The final layer of the mask has been developed by the UK’s Ministry of Defence and filters out viruses, bacteria and gas pollution such as Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Ozone. A surgical mask is of little use. P2/N95 respirators As part of the continued response to the COVID-19 outbreak, the Department of Health has now supplied PHNs with a very small allocation of P2/N95 respirators. Wear a mask if you are coughing or sneezing. N95 masks are supposed to fit tightly to the face and block out most particles. ASTM Level. Five layers of PM2. The coronavirus outbreak has prompted a run on P2 masks across the nation, stocks of which were already running. With the 'flu season happening in the Southern Hemisphere many are looking for additional protection on top of vaccines which are only about 50% effective. Add to Cart. Facial hair and an improper fit can expose the wearer to airborne viruses. The new virus has fueled demand for them around the world. They are mainly used in construction, agriculture, and by healthcare professionals against influenza viruses. The N95 mask filters out 95% of dust and particulates. Full face P3 mask (left) and P2 RFS-issued disposable dust mask on right. However, there are several compelling reasons why you should buy your best face mask for virus protection from them. Doing so can kill off the virus, and "it doesn't destroy the mask very much," she said, adding that hanging the mask above a pot of boiling water for about 10 minutes could also help with killing off the virus, but it would need to be air-dried afterward. These are generally not being recommended for use by the public. 00 out of 5. Without them being healthy and operative, we are screwed anyway. Leading suppliers of Face Masks and Respirators. Dual adjustable head band straps on cheeks allowing. 20-Pack Disposable Sanding and Fiberglass Safety Mask. From United States. these are the masks I'm intending to buy: Set of 5 P2 Honeywell 5251 ML Or: 3M Particulate Respirator 9322+P2, 10/Box. metal fumes. Why? First, lack of testing i. They may look silly but a new study finds surgical masks are your best protection against a cold or the flu. Think of it as the Mother and her Baby. P1 and P2 masks protect against low and moderate levels of dust respectively. Call 01268 768 768 NOW. Surgical Face Mask Those cheap, disposable, gauzy face mask's main purpose is to keep out the liquid of another infected person's sneeze or cough from entering your mouth or nose (gross, I know). Whether you're using them to protect yourself from bushfire fumes, viruses or simply a fashion statement, in today's episode of Dr Nora I take you through the surgical, P2 and N95 mask. 00 out of 5. In this video we take you through the pros and cons of 5G and the coronavirus. 10 X P2 Upsafe Disposable Respiratory Mask With Valve $ 79. Application: Respiratory Protection. P2 Dust Mask. If you are unable to see the P2 Mask Request Form, please click here. More Buying Choices. N95/P2 classification NIOSH approved respirator face masks. Delivery in 2 to 5 business days. P2 masks should be disposed of when they become damp. Masks & Respirators Get both comfort & top-to-bottom protection with new HALYARD* FLUIDSHIELD* ASTM rated specialty surgical masks. A Comparison of Surgical Masks, Surgical N95 Respirators, and Industrial N95 Respirators. It encompasses a Nano Technology dust-free air filter PM2. The team assessed the protectiveness of respirators and masks by comparing the volumes of virus collected by the sampler at the mannequin's mouth and the one a few inches to one side. Unlike the flu, there is no known treatment or vaccine, and little is known about this particular virus so far. N95 N99 Anti Pollution Dust Mouth Mask. Please also note that the cut/styling of this specific mask is internationally approved and this specific template allows us to do size curves which c an be tailor made according to size and age. That doesn’t mean they’re the best at the job though. Results per page: 20 | 100. It features a ProValve for increased exhalation efficiency and comfort as it reduces the build up of heat under the mask. Protecting Your Lungs from P2. P2/N95 MASK Both the P2 and N95 mask block at least 95% of small particles. Protectaware Moulded P2 Dust Masks with Valve Australia NS/NZS 1716:2012 P2 Standard Mark Exhalation Valve for Extra Comfort Very Low Breathing Resistance with High Filtration Efficiency Pre-shaped Nose Cushion and Contoured Facial Seal for a Comfortable Secure Fit Maintenance Free P2 with Vale: Protects against mechan. An extra wide sealing surface gives unparalleled comfort and fit. New Stock Due 6 April 2020. Mission & History; How Donations are Used; Annual Reports; Our Team. Essential $ 89. Should I wear a mask to protect myself?. P2 masks have been recommended by health officials as the bare minimum protection required when going up against bushfire smoke. Application: Respiratory Protection. These are the 10 Best N95 Respirator Masks For Coronavirus. P3 Dust Mask. Surgical masks are said to help reduce the spread of the virus, included Coronavirus. From time to time, they. 5 air mask filtering; 10pcs or 30pcs mask filters, we suggest replacing the filters every week for the best effect; PM 2. Dr Chris Smith, consultant virologist at Cambridge University, told RNZ people should not buy them and instead save their money. We cannot order any more P2 masks or gowns. “P2 rated masks are the preferred choice for protection against smoke particles in the air because they are a bit cheaper and easier to breathe through than P3 rated masks. You may want to shave your beard to better protect yourself against the Wuhan Virus when wearing a mask. 00 Multiple Layer & Premium Quality:Inner hydrophilic layer+ filtering layer + hydrophobic layer. 8 out of 5 stars. We continue to offer Alina P2 and Alina P3 for retail, in a minimum quantity of three masks. Key Differences Between Respirators and Masks Surgical Masks: • Are cleared by the FDA for use as a surgical mask. Regular dust and pollen masks should not be used for protection again bacteria and viruses. 5 and airborne diseases caused by pathogenic microbes. for pricing and availability. A P2 mask is considered the most effective way to limit exposure to toxic bushfire smoke, but it has to seal well around your face (so shave off that beard!). £740 Ideal Boiler + XAdey Filter + Ideal Flu Kit; From £20 Double Panel Radiators; From £40 Radiator Covers. Who Should Wear Face Masks During a Swine Flu Pandemic? Wear a face mask (consider using an N95 respirator) if you must come into close contact with a sick person. 3M 8210 NIOSH Certified N95 Face Mask M 8210 (Pack of 5) Sold by WuhanMask. Moldex Disposable 5000 Half Mask. 95 new (2 offers) Eligible for FREE Delivery. During flu epidemics in China and Japan scores of people wear face masks to prevent the spread of infection. This includes testing for Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE), Particle Filtration Efficiency (PFE. They are also N95 rated and feature the following: Washable or replace the carbon filter sheet. 5 Air Pollution Masks with 4 Air Filter Cotton Sheet Washable Reusable N95 Anti Dust Smoke Face Mask Respirator with Adjustable Straps-Dark Blue $ 3. P2 Particulate Disposable Face Mask [Item# 062320MFSP27] These compact and effective face masks are an easy choice this flu-season. metal fumes. 10 X P2 Upsafe Disposable Respiratory Mask With Valve $ 79. FAQ of KN95/N95 Mask? 1. The N95 mask can actually reduce spreading the virus to others. It is not designed to protect wearer from inhaling the air born bacteria and viruses. 3M 8210 NIOSH Certified N95 Face Mask M 8210 (Box of 20 Masks) Sold by WuhanMask. 20 Pieces 6-Layer KN95 Face Mask Prevent the Spread of Saliva in the Air Anti-Dust / Anti-Fog Prevent Virus Mouth Respirator Windproof PM 2. Pro 2000 PF10 P3 Particle Filter. • Do not have the word NIOSH and the approval type (i. N95/P2 classification NIOSH approved respirator face masks. Surgical Cone-Style Face Mask. We need masks’”. These masks are advised to contain the virus if the wearer has been diagnosed or suspected of being exposed to the virus. 5 air mask filtering; 10pcs or 30pcs mask filters, we suggest replacing the filters every week for the best effect; PM 2. The OEL of P2 masks is 12x while the APF is 10x. The masks, which cover the nose and mouth, are often made from a flimsy material and aren’t fitted to the face. Shop for Masks & Respirators in Personal Protective Equipment. Turkish mask manufacturers say they have received a demand for nearly 200 million masks "at one party," a huge number compared to Turkey's yearly production of around 150 million. Welcome to uvex safety Australia & New Zealand experts in respirator masks. The masks must be fitted to the face to be more effective. Participants coughed five times onto a Petri dish containing viral transport medium held 20 cm in front of their mouth. Asbestos up to 100,000 up to 300,000 F/m3 solid P3 VM all P3 VM masks Ash solid P2 all P2 masks Atrazine 1912-24-9 1 solid P2 all P2 masks Bacteria risk group 2 P2 all P2 masks Bacteria risk group 3 P3 all P3 masks Barium compound, sol. No side leaks. Multi-Purpose masks and bandanas that clean the air you breathe. 5 which I posted yesterday, my friend Klaus challenged on the usefulness of protection masks. Why Do You Need to Wear Dust Masks. 2,000pcs Disposable Face Mask Earloop Surgical 3-Ply (40 Boxes of 50 Masks) Regular price $1,700. It encompasses a Nano Technology dust-free air filter PM2. the is a run on Face masks. Meets WHO guidelines for protection against infectious diseases such as Avian Flu and TB. -We have P2 masks in stock and ready to purchase. The virions were detected in the particle size range of 10 to 80 nm. We stock millions of Face Masks and Respirators including Washable, Reusable, FFP1, FFP2, FFP3, P1, P2, P3, N65, N95, N99, P100, Surgical Face Masks, Dental, Hygiene, Medical and Disposable face Masks and Respirators as well as air- fed Respirators. 5 Particles Background To understand the importance of protecting your lungs from P2. P2 masks don’t provide complete protection. If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly. New Stock Due 6 April 2020. Face masks with ratings of N95 and above filter out enough particles and airborne pathogens to protect you from life threatening diseases caused by viruses like COVID-19, better know as coronavirus. A surgical mask is of little use. - Pack of 3 Masks. Hendra virus – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and decontamination procedures for property owners Animal Biosecurity & Welfare September 2013, Primefact 1318 First edition. They are individually wrapped flat fold design for easy storage, portability and hygiene. Eyes not protected. President Rodrigo Duterte has approved the P2. Standard Surgical Masks. Face masks can play a role in preventing the infection, but that role is limited in real world situations. There wasn't much difference between the two types of masks tested — P2 masks and surgical masks — according to the study. You probably have the necessary components on hand to make your own face mask, no sewing involved. Protection from all types of dust and pollutants. The uvex silv-Air range of respiratory protection includes highly effective respirator mask in protective class P2 that are extremely comfortable to wear. N95, FFP1, P2, or Surgical mask Comparison – Which Mask is Better? Single use masks (normally one layer, very thin) are typically only effective at capturing larger dust particles, but can do so fairly well. Buy N95 respirator masks. "Given the spread and the reach, given that we. 99 to an eye-popping. KN95/P2 Particulate Respirator Mask with Air Ventilator - Approved KN95/N95/P2/CE Standards - the key standards for China/United States/Australia/Europe. As scientific and clinical knowledge increased concerning the infectivity of airborne spatter (particles > 50 µ in diameter) and aerosols (0. Delivery in 2 to 5 business days. A government-approved P2 FFP2 N95 or great for example N99 P3 FFP3 mask can lower your chance of viral illness, but only if you use it correctly. We stock air purifying and atmosphere supplying respirators. The best mask for protection against the Coronavirus for the average person is going to be an N95 mask. Please email [email protected] £740 Ideal Boiler + XAdey Filter + Ideal Flu Kit; From £20 Double Panel Radiators; From £40 Radiator Covers. Similar Images. A New Zealand pharmacy is limiting the purchase of face masks following the outbreak of coronavirus in various countries. Virus Mask - Cotton Reusable Mask for Pollution, Dust, Allergens - 3 Pack. If you are not a medical professional, the best way to avoid getting. 00 out of 5. 3D Face Mask effect that fits. such as, influenza virus Lightweight construction for added comfort that may increase wearer time. Think of it as the Mother and her Baby. Amazon is not the only store that sells best face mask for virus protections. These individually packed Blue masks are a respirator type of respiratory protection equipment which is designed to fit the face more tightly than an ordinary mask and can filter the particles and droplets in the air very effectively unlike standard surgical or dust masks. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) is a new respiratory illness that has been reported in Asia, North America, and Europe. Amid the deadly outbreak of coronavirus in China that's killed at least 56 people and sickened hundreds of others, officials in the country are encouraging the public to wear surgical masks to. >>> However, despite the panic buying frenzy, a surgical mask does not protect against “airborne” infectious agents so it will not prevent the wearer from being potentially contaminated by a virus such as Coronavirus. 5 P2 Face Mask Filters Activated Carbon Breathing Filters, PDI Sani-Cloth HB Germicidal Disposable Wipe, Large, Hospital Strength, 160/tub, (2pk) GelRite Instant Hand Sanitizer - 4 fl. The P2 mask is the Australian Standards equivalent of the US N95. Same as an RSV vaccine except that, as opposed to facial face masks which have a 2-38% effectiveness, RSVm had a HARD 39% Fight it Novavax! Now! The guy goes on taking about vaccines. Frequently Asked Questions. 99 means the mask filters at least 99% of airborne particles in a worst-case scenario. Respilon R-Shield Pink. 00 -15% Sleep Eye Mask For Sleeping Blindfold - YANIBEST Adjustable Natural Silk Sleep Mask Blindfold 100% Pure Mulberry Silk Eye Mask for Sleep Pouch Gift Bag Pack (light pink) Mask Dive Snorkel Wide View Frameless Scuba Diving Snorkeling Mask by mtsugar (blue) Cooling Gel Ice Eye Care Mask with Ice Pack, Relaxing Relief Sleeping. Smoke from wildfires, urban density emissions, and climate change events are increasing the demand for clean air. When wearing a face mask is commonplace. Doctors are raiding hardware stores and dentists say they may be forced to close, as coronavirus panic has dried up surgical mask supplies around Australia. Five layers of PM2. “P2 rated masks are the preferred choice for protection against smoke particles in the air because they are a bit cheaper and easier to breathe through than P3 rated masks. 3 as well as bacteria and viruses using a unique triple layer filtration system. Turning the object being sterilized about under the light will allow the light to find all of its surfaces. Doing so can kill off the virus, and "it doesn't destroy the mask very much," she said, adding that hanging the mask above a pot of boiling water for about 10 minutes could also help with killing off the virus, but it would need to be air-dried afterward. The UV light will kill pathogens the light reaches almost instantly. Other respirator masks approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health include N99, N100, P95, P99, P100, R95, R99 and R100, according to. Most of what I have read so far also appear to be saying that N95 masks should be fine for this Coronavirus virus. 5, ideal to protect your mouth and face from Viruses, Dust, Haze, Germs, Allergies, Smoke, Pollution, Ash, Pollen, Gardening, Crafts & Many more. 6 ppm Chlorine dioxide When using a combination filter, which is the case in the above illustration, both of the maximum permissible concentrations need. Respirator P2 with Valve PC321 P2 rating for protection against mechanically and thermally generated particles Exhalation ProValve for extra air flow Colour coded nose-piece and packaging Dual straps give firm and comfortable fit Latex free head straps to protect against skin allergies AS/NZS 1716 Lic 1508 Quantity per. N95 N99 Anti Pollution Dust Mouth Mask. 00 Read more; Coronavirus Anti Virus Face Mask (FFP2 / N95 Guidance) Valve P2 Respirator £ 20. Background. Leave this field empty if you're human: GET IN TOUCH !. A big part of having everyone use a mask is to prevent transmission to others. So, place the mask under the direct and powerful UV light with the exterior facing it. Class P2 particulate filters are used for protection against mechanically and thermally generated particulates or both e. Threads Allergy Mask. 5 is comparatively much smaller in. This virus was a serious concern to WHO as it was a new virus and they did not know how it would affect people in terms of severity, contamination medium and spread rates. Bacteria and Virus Mask Differences The term "N95" and "N100" refers to a standard established by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Experts say masks can be helpful in preventing the spread of the virus – if worn properly, under the right conditions. Respirators, such as the P2 masks recommended for bushfire smoke, the best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus. When wearing these masks the user limits their exposure to smoke, pollution, concrete/ saw dust, water/ virus particles and some vapors. Like P1 masks, the P2 masks can also protect against liquid and solid aerosols. Ordinary paper or dust masks don't stop fine particles. P2 Respirator Dust Masks (FFP2) View All P2 Masks. Whether in the chemical, metal, or automotive industries, ship building, supplies, or disposal: The Dräger X-plore ® 5500 full face mask is the Dräger X-plore ® 1900 Dräger X-plore ® 1900 is a high-performance, single-use dust mask for protection against fine dust and particles. P2 mask: Cheap Does NOT protect against an aerosolised virus. 180gsm, 95% Poly, 5% Elastin, Inner fusing with 50gsm spun. Typically, these masks are used to protect wearers from smog and pollution, not viruses. Save up to $100♢ on your qualifying purchase. FREE Shipping by Amazon. We have a great online selection at the lowest prices with Fast & Free shipping on many items!. So taking steps to clean everything you touch with Disinfectant and wearing masks will help prevent the spread of any virus. The virions were detected in the particle size range of 10 to 80 nm. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced it was reviewing its guidelines for face masks, citing data showing that COVID-19 can be spread by people who are. You probably have the necessary components on hand to make your own face mask, no sewing involved. N95, FFP1, P2, or Surgical mask Comparison – Which Mask is Better? Single use masks (normally one layer, very thin) are typically only effective at capturing larger dust particles, but can do so fairly well. Overall, respirators are considered much more effective at preventing the flu virus than regular face masks. Sales of face masks are spiking. In this section. We provide a variety of peel off pore mask online supplied by reliable sellers around the world. See our range of Respiratory protection. Mzar N99 Dust Mask,10PCS/PAK - Anti Air Pollution Smoke Mask - Particulate Respirator with 4 replaceable filters - Washable and. Buy 3M N95 P2 9322A+ Face Mask Respirator Virus Protection AU STOCK FAST DELIVERY from only $12. an eBay Marketplace seller. It encompasses a Nano Technology dust-free air filter PM2. 3M P2 N95 KN95 Disposable Respirator Mask - 3M N95 - Health & Beauty - Genuine 3M AU STOCK Ready for shipping! The 3M Mask Respirators are designed to protect your breathing from dirt, dust, and soil, making them ideal. Vogmask is a superior product for now and the future, rendered modern to awaken public hope, to express the public self, and to emerge from the trance of accepting an inherited future. They are also N95 rated and feature the following: Washable or replace the carbon filter sheet. an eBay Marketplace seller. The P2 mask is the Australian Standards equivalent of the US N95. Its a shame. Facemasks may be in short supply and they should NOT run out for all the medical staff. All our masks are cadium, nickel and latex free and exceed EN 14683 standards for Particle and Bacterial filtration rates. It indicates the ability to send an email. Required fields are marked *. 5 particles, it doesn't mean that you only want to filter particles You want a respirator that filters even the very smallest particles, down to virus size. Wearing a face mask will only protect you if you happen to be close to an infected person and they sneeze in your vicinity, and you had your eyes closed. Most masks and surgical masks are not designed to protect people from airborne bacteria or virus particles, writes Dr John Wallaart. grinding, sanding, crushing, sawing. Free postage. 1 micron) particles, however they vary by region. When the wearer inhales deeply, a properly fitted N95 mask should draw inward. 0 out of 5 stars 1. This means if anyone removes or touches a mask that’s been infected and forgets to wash their hands, they risk catching the virus. Total Ratings 5, Carolina Cotton Carbon Filter Face Masks - Pack of 50. Surgical Face Masks at Walgreens. They are individually wrapped flat fold design for easy storage, portability and hygiene. It can be used for sanitizing used surgical and face masks during corona virus and epidemics. The N95 surgical face mask has been recommended by USA experts as the best protection from SARS. The N95 mask can actually reduce spreading the virus to others. The team assessed the protectiveness of respirators and masks by comparing the volumes of virus collected by the sampler at the mannequin's mouth and the one a few inches to one side. 00 Read more; Disposable Blue Vinyl Gloves – Powder Free Latex Free 100pcs £ 10. N95 N99 Anti Pollution Dust Mouth Mask. While the N95 mask (also called a "P2 mask") does have a respirator that filters fine particles from the air, the masks will only provide protection if. If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly. In stock on February 25, 2020. The video contains everything that you need to know about the virus and how to protect yourself in the United States as of January 28, 2020. 5pcs Anti-Virus N95 Respirator Face Mask Anti Pollution Smoke Allergy Reusable Gray Masks. Frequently Asked Questions. Visit us today for the widest range of Safety & Workwear products. In Wuhan, China, authorities are requiring all citizens to wear masks in public places. #N#Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought. The CDC still does not recommend reusing masks, and the researchers encouraged doctors to follow guidelines in their clinics. Both surgical masks and P2 masks (also known as N95 masks) will help to prevent the transmission of the coronavirus, though a P2 mask fits more snugly around the nose and mouth, creating a tighter. These masks are designed to block liquid droplets, and might lower the chance of catching the virus from another. No side leaks. Face Mask protects from dust, particles, pollen, smoke and fully covers your nose and mouth. “If you go into the community you see on the faces of a lot of people the N95 masks and not enough in the hospital,” said the emergency doctor in the state of New South Wales (NSW), which has nearly half of the country’s more than 5,700 cases and has recorded the most deaths as of Monday. N95, surgical and FFP3 masks are disposable face masks that are proven to filter the air to an industrial standard. FAQ – Using P2 facemasks for children. So taking steps to clean everything you touch with Disinfectant and wearing masks will help prevent the spread of any virus. There are options to protect against airborne particles and mists that can affect your workers' health. ref-tags-container-link ref-tags-container-link. Key Differences Between Respirators and Masks Surgical Masks: • Are cleared by the FDA for use as a surgical mask. P2 masks with valve Why has no one spoken about the exhale valves in these masks yet? These things are designed to make it easy to breathe out (hence the valve). The best mask for bacteria and virus protection is an N95 or N100. In the United States, the N95 respirator filters 95% of airborne particles, and can even filter out. More buying choices. Protecting yourself against this dangerous virus is important and the best way to do that is through a face mask to prevent the virus from getting into your system. 8 billion to provide emergency employment to workers who will be displaced by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. 5 vs N95 Mask If Confuse,Read this Mask Review >> Which mask is better for securing you from virus, pollution attack. The Pitta masks are unknown. 00; Disposable Blue Vinyl Gloves - Powder Free Latex Free 100pcs £ 10. FFP3: Protects against toxic dust, light radioactive dust bacteria's and viruses. These masks are designed to block liquid droplets, and might lower the chance of catching the virus from another. Interim PPE guidelines for managing Ebola virus disease patients – - ii - Published by the State of Queensland (Queensland Health), May 2015 This document is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3. 5 refers to the size of the pollutant in micrometers. This protective face mask has two replaceable carbon filters that filter the air you breathe. On Amazon, a Novotel medical face mask in a lovely print sells for $27. India clears export of 2 consignments of masks to China, 6 more likely soon Indian officials are also in the process of clearing at least half-a-dozen more such consignments specifically for China. These dust masks ratings are vital in selecting the right mask for your use. these are the masks I'm intending to buy: Set of 5 P2 Honeywell 5251 ML Or: 3M Particulate Respirator 9322+P2, 10/Box. So, you should wash your hands before eating and after eating. There is some evidence that wearing a face mask can protect you from transmitting the virus from your hands to your mouth, probably because you are paying more attention to NOT touching your face when you’re wearing it. This virus was a serious concern to WHO as it was a new virus and they did not know how it would affect people in terms of severity, contamination medium and spread rates. 95 means the mask filters at least 95% of airborne particles in a worst-case scenario. A woman wearing a protective face mask walks in Battersea Park in London on Saturday, March 21. Read more: Scientists randomized nurses to wear masks and tracked who get infected. Buy your full face, half face respirators, filters & breathing apparatus online from BOC today. 50pcs/box Surgical Face Mask with Ear Loops Anti Flu Coronavirus 3PLY AU STOCK. P2 masks are a little more serious. Required fields are marked *. How Does It Work. Best Dust Mask Reviews of 2020. 3M P2 N95 KN95 Disposable Respirator Mask - 3M N95 - Health & Beauty - Genuine 3M AU STOCK Ready for shipping! The 3M Mask Respirators are designed to protect your breathing from dirt, dust, and soil, making them ideal. Below is an Australian video on influenza respirator selection and fit testing for healthcare workers. 99 just 10 days ago. This type of mask offers the best protection, and they are not costly. P2 masks are not recommended for general community use, they can provide a false sense of security to remain outside for longer than necessary. "P2 masks are likely to provide some protection against the virus, but these must be fitted and worn properly," the NSW health department recommends on its site. Ms Cole recommended purchasing P2 masks from hardware. A big part of having everyone use a mask is to prevent transmission to others. Whether in the chemical, metal, or automotive industries, ship building, supplies, or disposal: The Dräger X-plore ® 5500 full face mask is the Dräger X-plore ® 1900 Dräger X-plore ® 1900 is a high-performance, single-use dust mask for protection against fine dust and particles. Respilon R-Shield Pink. Other respirator masks approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health include N99, N100, P95, P99, P100, R95, R99 and R100, according to. General practices wanting to request more masks need to complete a request form available here. P2 N95 FACE MASK ProChoice Safety Valved Respirators 12 PACK. N95 FFP2 P2 Valved Virus Mask Respirator 5 Masks. Add to Likebox #103040542 - female surgeon doctor or intern wearing. • Are not designed to protect your lungs from airborne hazards. 0 out of 5 stars 1. “There is obviously increased demand for a range of personal protective equipment, including P2/N95 masks, as health services have been assessing patients who may have coronavirus, but there is no evidence to suggest that theft by WA Health staff is a contributor to the increased demand we have,” she said. They are mainly used in construction, agriculture, and by healthcare professionals against influenza viruses. Respirators with a class P2 rating are also recommended for use in certain applications against some pathogenic biological airborne particulates such as Influenza virus. That cuts down on the odds of getting sick. As Australia enters a deadly flu season could the practice of wearing face masks be. Listen to you guys (not you flu, but the FDA AND REDPLATE). The outbreaks of avian influenza A (H5N1) and the recent novel influenza virus A (H1N1) pandemic are major health problems (WHO, 2006, 2009). Ordinary paper or dust masks don’t stop fine particles. One million new P2 masks are on their way to replenish the smoke-depleted national medical stockpile as authorities respond to the Chinese coronavirus, which has killed 17 people and infected. SALES 1300 289 773. From time to time, they. 4M in virus crisis fund PETA also provided other life-saving tips as far as caring for companion animals and the. Virus Mask - Cotton Reusable Mask for Pollution, Dust, Allergens - 3 Pack. Ms Cole recommended purchasing P2 masks from hardware. *Increased filtration for Coronavirus over P2 N95 Price shown per each. For use in dusty situations and emergencies such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and fires. The HALYARD* Child Face Mask features DISNEY® characters on the mask outer facing and packaging to provide a sense of familiarity and encourage compliance. 5 Particles Background To understand the importance of protecting your lungs from P2. 98 floating dust, virus, germ, PM2. Premium Masks N95 P2 Coronavirus Mask with Respiratory Valve 5 layered Filter. Mask against the Corona virus. 5) traps and filters air molecules from deadly viruses, flu and bacteria. If you decide to wear a mask, you should probably also opt for protective goggles. If, on the other hand, you have the flu, and are wearing the mask to prevent spreading the virus, then it would make sense to replace the mask daily. We found compliance to be low, but compliance is affected by perception of risk. Check out our range of Respirators & Dust Masks products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. P3 Virus & Bacteria Filter+Promask Black. Amazon is not the only store that sells best face mask for virus protections. China Cleaning Tools Masks, Disposable Face Mask Kn95 for Virus Protection, Antivirus Face Mask N95 Pm2. You can also shop Vogmask on Korean websites such as Gmarket Global and Interpark. Better yet, it’s available via Amazon Prime. 00 Read more; Disposable Blue Vinyl Gloves – Powder Free Latex Free 100pcs £ 10. P2 masks also need to be fit-tested to each person to work properly but Australian Medical Association president Dr Kean Seng Lim said there were not enough masks to properly fit-test because such. Exhalation Valve Diy Mask 3D Printed MSK P1 P2 P3 Corona Virus. 8% of viruses, including 99. 0 views « PREV POST NEXT POST. Welcome to uvex safety Australia & New Zealand experts in respirator masks. Intended use of P2/N95 respirators For routine primary care procedures, including specimen collection, surgical masks are considered to be effective. - Pack of 3 Masks. The surgical masks offers minimal defense. As compared to P1 masks, P2 masks offer higher protection. Not if they are made to be disposable. N95 (United States NIOSH-42CFR84) FFP2 (Europe EN 149-2001) KN95 (China GB2626-2006) P2 (Australia/New Zealand AS/NZA 1716:2012) Korea 1st class (Korea KMOEL […]. Swine Flu Protection - N95 and P2 Protection Masks Q & A Posted on: 27 Apr,2009 With the news spreading the world about the threat of "Swine Flu" I just wanted to clarify the most apropriate masks and include a quick Question and. "In hospitals, these can be door handles, for example, but also call buttons, bedside tables, bed frames and other objects in the direct vicinity of patients, which are. Facemasks may be in short supply and they should NOT run out for all the medical staff. 00 Add to cart; MOULDED. Smoke from wildfires, urban density emissions, and climate change events are increasing the demand for clean air. P2 / N95 Particulate Respirators Face Mask - Corona Virus Mask With Valve With Activated Charcoal Layer N95 is one of the filter standards (42CFR84) for respirator type masks prescribed by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in 1995. The mask has a >99% BFE (Bacterial Filtration Efficiency). The study, published in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases in 2008, found that masks were 80% effecting in protecting against clinical influenza-like illness when worn consistently. Protecting Your Lungs from P2. FFP2 Dust Masks - suitable for virus protection. Wearing a surgical mask during flu season (and now, with Wuhan coronavirus fears) might prevent the spread of the contagious virus, especially since the flu can spread by breathing, coughing, and. There wasn't much difference between the two types of masks tested — P2 masks and surgical masks — according to the study. 5 Dust Respiratory Mask, Silicone Mask Reusable Mask and so on. Protection from all types of dust and pollutants. 5 Air Pollution Masks with 4 Air Filter Cotton Sheet Washable Reusable N95 Anti Dust Smoke Face Mask Respirator with Adjustable Straps-Dark Blue $ 3. There's no filter to keep the germs in, just a hole, right? The virus can enter through your eyes and lives on surfaces up to 9 days. N95 Cone-Style Particulate Respirator Masks. People wear medical masks on the AirTrain en route to John F. NZ made Duckbill mask P2/N95 high efficiency face mask. How to make your own mask: Hong Kong scientists reveal temporary solution for those unable to get protective gear because of panic buying and price-gouging. N95 is common, and is what's been recommended for smoke, but. Save up to $100♢ on your qualifying purchase. Our Approach. Leading suppliers of Face Masks and Respirators. Fitted respirators, such as ‘P2’, ‘P3’ or ‘N95’ masks, require training and fitting. P2 (White) Filters. He had to buy the masks for his wife who returned from China only days ago, and must now spend two weeks in isolation, mask-bound. Despite the warnings, the virus has sent citizens to mass-buy face masks, causing a severe and mounting disruption to the global supply of masks and other personal protective equipment that is. Two of the most common respirator masks are N-95 masks and N-99 masks, which, when used correctly, prevent 95 percent and 99 percent, respectively, of airborne particles from entering a person's. In healthcare settings, however, the CDC has issued stronger directives: Any patients that present flu-like symptoms or have recently traveled to China's Hubei province should wear surgical masks. Medical masks are surgical or procedure masks that are flat or pleated (some are like cups); they are affixed to the head with straps a. Depending upon their efficiency to filter these particles and particulates these half face masks are further classified into three filtration effectiveness classes such as:-. P2/KN95/N95/FFP2/DS FACE MASK The protective mask adopts high-efficiency electrostatic filter technology, which reduces the breathing resistance as much as possible on the premise of meeting the filtering efficiency performance. Experts say masks can be helpful in preventing the spread of the virus – if worn properly, under the right conditions. Twin exhalation valve reduces moisture plus heat build up and helps eliminates fogging. But bacteria and viruses are very small. And the effect size was fairly large—half the infection rate. There is some evidence that wearing a face mask can protect you from transmitting the virus from your hands to your mouth, probably because you are paying more attention to NOT touching your face when you’re wearing it. Indeed, most masks being sold are not like P2/N95 respirators and therefore offer no real protection. Sale Out of stock. Best Woodworking Dust Mask for the Money: 3M Reusable 6501QL/49488 Mask Respirator. I have bought 2 P2 face masks; however, those will be far too big for my baby. Dustproof Cover Mask Respirator by BeatBasi- Best surgical mask for virus protection This dustproof mask will keep your mouth safe by protecting it from all dust and air pollution etc. There wasn't much difference between the two types of masks tested — P2 masks and surgical masks — according to the study. 95 means the mask filters at least 95% of airborne particles in a worst-case scenario. This is a unisex anti-pollution face mask that can be used by men and women both. Very limited stock left $110 PER 10 PCS BOX *****0073 + click to reveal. They may be recommended to be used by those in close contact with infected people, such as healthcare workers or family members caring for sick relatives. 45 incl GST. PLEASE READ BEFORE MAKING YOUR PURCHASE Our N95/P2 Cup Style Masks Are Sold Individually and Locally Sourced. P1 and P2 masks protect against low and moderate levels of dust respectively. The full respirator code name for a P2 facemask is “Face Filtering Piece 2” -FFP2. " N95 means that the mask can f ilter out at least 95% of. Superior fitting FFP2 protective respirator excellent protection against influenza and other pandemic viruses. HOME; GVS GROUP; PRODUCTS; FILTRATION GUIDES; CoVid-19: Informations. They are useful to use if you yourself, has flu like symptoms and do not wish to spread your illness to others. Sealed and secure design. These are the 10 Best N95 Respirator Masks For Coronavirus. The N99 masks will filter out slightly more at 4% more polluted particles but the N95 mask offers 50% lesser breathing resistance than N99. For use in dusty situations and emergencies such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and fires. Some state governments are distributing surgical and P2/N95 masks. In stock on March 15, 2020. It encompasses a Nano Technology dust-free air filter PM2. “P2 rated masks are the preferred choice for protection against smoke particles in the air because they are a bit cheaper and easier to breathe through than P3 rated masks. Delivery in 2 to 5 business days. Why are firies using nappies for protection? Here is where the danger lies. Home Products Pack of 10 x N95 (P2) Disposable masks - this is the recommended mask for Corona Virus Pack of 10 x N95 (P2) Disposable masks - this is the recommended mask for Corona Virus $70. Sold & shipped by M&S Hardware. In healthcare settings, however, the CDC has issued stronger directives: Any patients that present flu-like symptoms or have recently traveled to China's Hubei province should wear surgical masks. Facial hair and an improper fit can expose the wearer to airborne viruses. 00; 48mm x 50m Go Master Automotive Painter Premium Masking Tape $ 3. We conducted a prospective cluster-randomized trial comparing surgical masks, non-fit-tested P2 masks, and no masks in prevention of influenza-like illness (ILI) in households. Overall, respirators are considered much more effective at preventing the flu virus than regular face masks. Prestige Ameritech's sales have doubled in recent weeks, forcing the company to maintain a seven-days-a-week production schedule to keep up with demand. 8% of those that remained infectious. A New Zealand pharmacy is limiting the purchase of face masks following the outbreak of coronavirus in various countries. During flu epidemics in China and Japan scores of people wear face masks to prevent the spread of infection. Many people shorten these acronyms even more as P1, P2 & P3 - but the meaning and level of respiratory protection is the same. Is n95 the same as p2? The Difference between the N95 and the P2 classification for Respirator face masks is the N95 is the NiOSH (USA testing requirements. P2 masks are required to have the AS1716 certification number printed on the front, which should make it easier for shoppers to spot a fake. Available for free, for Android and iOS devices. This item is one (1 only) dust mask / respirator. Although the virus usually enters the body through the mouth or eyes — if there are no open wounds — the hands play the most important role in transporting the virus. Coronavirus Anti Virus Face Mask (FFP2 / N95 Guidance) Valve P2 Respirator Be the first to review "Coronavirus Anti Virus Face Mask (FFP2 / N95 Guidance) Valve P2 Respirator" Cancel reply. There wasn’t much difference between the two types of masks tested — P2 masks and surgical masks — according to the study. Ms Cole recommended purchasing P2 masks from hardware. All our masks are cadium, nickel and latex free and exceed EN 14683 standards for Particle and Bacterial filtration rates. To add to the confusion these are also called HEPA masks or respirators. The N95 surgical face mask has been recommended by USA experts as the best protection from SARS. However, this method creates a mask with only one layer. Specialising in in Cosmetic Procedures (including Anti-Wrinkle & Dermal Fillers), Family Planning (copper coil and implant insertions). However, the use of a mask alone. According to recent studies, the virus can spread between people in proximity by coughing , sneezing or even speaking. The Corona virus outbreak has led to Swedish companies imposing travel restrictions and to a run on protective face masks, but Sweden's state epidemiologist. Respilon RespiMask Junior. President Rodrigo Duterte has approved the P2. Regular dust and pollen masks should not be used for protection again bacteria and viruses. Maxisafe P2 Flat Fold Respirator with Valve fits a wide variety of face profiles. 10PCS KN95 3M 9502+ Face Mask Anti Dust Flu Protection Respirator Mask AU STOCK. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) is a new respiratory illness that has been reported in Asia, North America, and Europe. FFP2 Dust Masks protect against moderate levels of dust, as well as solid and liquid aerosols. Extreme Air Filter Protection for Your Dog from Wildfire Smoke, Dust. 76 GET YOUR MASKS SOONER!ALL MASKS ARE DELIVERED VIA AUSPOST PRIORITY LETTER, GUARANTEED!This respirator sets new benchmarks in wearer comfort. Supply constraints were compounded by the coronavirus outbreak, with face masks and hand sanitiser selling out at many stores across the nation. This product is available by contacting us. We conducted a prospective cluster-randomized trial comparing surgical masks, non-fit-tested P2 masks, and no masks in prevention of influenza-like illness (ILI) in households. Virus Mask - Cotton Reusable Mask for Pollution, Dust, Allergens - 3 Pack. Face Masks - Health & Beauty from Kogan. Learn more about Respirators from Moldex. P2 masks don’t provide complete protection. Why Do You Need to Wear Dust Masks. 99 means the mask filters at least 99% of airborne particles in a worst-case scenario. That doesn’t mean they’re the best at the job though. P2 masks should be removed and disposed after about four hours of continuous use, or when they become moist. 5 out of 5 stars. Sales of face masks are spiking. It is made with 100% soft, breathable, safe, skin-friendly and odorless polyester fabric mask. Instead of worrying about face masks, healthy people. However, there are several compelling reasons why you should buy your best face mask for virus protection from them. It also reduce the exposure of wearer's saliva and respiratory secretions to others. The European equivalent is the P2 and P3 masks. Hong Kong is being re-traumatised in 2020 - by another crisis that, like SARS in 2003, is devastating society and financial markets. The masks, which cover the nose and mouth, are often made from a flimsy material and aren’t fitted to the face. "P2 masks are likely to provide some protection against the virus, but these must be fitted and worn properly," the NSW health department recommends on its site. P3 or higher, with valve: Even more expensive than fuck. P2 N95 FACE MASK ProChoice Safety Valved Respirators 12 PACK. 5pcs Anti-Virus N95 Respirator Face Mask Anti Pollution Smoke Allergy Reusable Gray Masks. Andrew Stanley Pekosz of Johns Hopkins' Bloomberg School of Public Health. 76 GET YOUR MASKS SOONER!ALL MASKS ARE DELIVERED VIA AUSPOST PRIORITY LETTER, GUARANTEED!This respirator sets new benchmarks in wearer comfort. This product is restricted and only available to approved account customers. Flu supplies offers a wide range of WHO recommended personal protective equipment online to help tackle virus outbreaks. Surgical masks are said to help reduce the spread of the virus, included Coronavirus. HALYARD*, the leader in facial protection, offers a full line of ASTM F2100-11 rated fluid protective masks — with unique comfort features designed to satisfy your OR staff. Respilon RespiMask Junior. "Close contact" means within 6 feet. While the N95 mask (also called a “P2 mask”) does have a respirator that filters fine particles from the air, the masks will only provide protection if. Essential $ 89. The mouth masks is super soft and breathable, does not affect breathing and speaking,can keep comfortable for a long time. Amazon is not the only store that sells best face mask for virus protections. These Best Coronavirus Masks will protect you from [Updated: May 5, 2020]. Quantum Allergy Mask. Leave this field empty if you're human: GET IN TOUCH !. You may want to shave your beard to better protect yourself against the Wuhan Virus when wearing a mask. You will always find the right Respiratory Protection at. N95 masks are essential for protecting health care workers and controlling the epidemic, but some hospitals have been unable to get new shipments as supplies dwindle. We remind you that the respirators with European classification FFP2 and FFP3 must have the mark CE EN 149 in order to be anti coronavirus devices, which can be used in healthcare. Hemorrhagic fevers Airborne = negative pressure room if available and P2 mask (Marburg, Lassa and Ebola) Droplet = eye protection or face shield Contact = gown/apron, gloves Patients must be transferred immediately to designated. The filtration level of a mask, however, depends on the fiber, the way it’s manufactured, the web’s structure, and the fiber’s cross-sectional shape. Call 01268 768 768 NOW. 50 USD - $ 42. They are not designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne bacteria or virus particles and are less effective than respirators, such as an N95 mask. P2 is cheaper and easier to obtain but seeing the latest news is that the virus is also airborne, I wonder if P2 still would be sufficient. ⚬ N95 rated respirators– This mask is almost identical to the P2 rated masks, however the N95 classification means the mask complies with USA testing requirements a Will a P2 mask provide total protection? No. These masks are single-use devices and should not be worn for more than 3 to 8 hours. add to list. N95 masks are designed to fit over the nose and mouth of the wearer, and properly fitted can provide excellent protection. The bushfires and coronavirus have led to a run on P2 masks. The Corona virus outbreak has led to Swedish companies imposing travel restrictions and to a run on protective face masks, but Sweden's state epidemiologist. Filters out 95% of viruses, bacteria, dust, chemicals, particles, pollen and smoke. N99 air masks can filter up to 99% of the particulate matter 2. 5 and airborne diseases caused by pathogenic microbes. The N95 mask has a Particle Filtration Efficiency (PFE) of >95% @ 0. Dr Chris Smith, consultant virologist at Cambridge University, told RNZ people should not buy them and instead save their money. Also recommended for use against pandemic (airborne virus such as bird flu and SARS). P2/N95 face masks should always be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Aus Air started in Melbourne in 2019 as a supplier of P2 masks for friends and family to protect against pollution and bush fire smoke. Still, studies have found benefits to both types of masks. P2 masks are not recommended for general community use, they can provide a false sense of security to remain outside for longer than necessary. Bacteria and Virus Mask Differences. 5 P2 Face Mask Filters Activated Carbon Breathing Filters, PDI Sani-Cloth HB Germicidal Disposable Wipe, Large, Hospital Strength, 160/tub, (2pk) GelRite Instant Hand Sanitizer - 4 fl. Coronavirus SHOCK: Why Brits SHOULDN’T look for N95 face masks CORONAVIRUS is quickly establishing a foothold in the UK, as more than 100 people have been diagnosed with COVID-19 infections over. P3 or higher, with valve: Even more expensive than fuck. They may look silly but a new study finds surgical masks are your best protection against a cold or the flu. Best Air Pollution Mask Metamasks provide 99. If you have the flu or think you have COVID, that's when you'd put on a mask to protect others. In Europe, for caregivers, it is necessary to wear a respirator of at least class FFP2 or FFP3 for maximum filtration of particles and aerosols when caring for a patient who is infected or suspected of being so. When you breath out wearing a P3 mask, yo push the mask away from your face. “There is obviously increased demand for a range of personal protective equipment, including P2/N95 masks, as health services have been assessing patients who may have coronavirus, but there is no evidence to suggest that theft by WA Health staff is a contributor to the increased demand we have,” she said. FAQ – Using P2 facemasks for children. These masks are designed to block liquid droplets, and might lower the chance of catching the virus from another. Due to unprecedented global demand, orders containing more than 5 units of any mask will be reduced to 5 at the point of collection. FFP3: Protects against toxic dust, light radioactive dust bacteria's and viruses. Still, studies have found benefits to both types of masks. And an AxPower Dust Mask Anti Pollution mask has jumped from $15. To add to the confusion these are also called HEPA masks or respirators. The video contains everything that you need to know about the virus and how to protect yourself in the United States as of January 28, 2020. 5 tends to stay the longest in the air and can lead to plaque deposit in your nose, throat, lungs or even the arteries and can lead to a heart attack. The material and technology used in making Cambridge masks™ make it effective for filtering PM2. Federal Health Minster Greg Hunt said the government would provide 450,000 P2 face masks in response to a request from the Victorian Government. That doesn’t mean they’re the best at the job though. Buy your full face, half face respirators, filters & breathing apparatus online from BOC today. While discussing today about the faq entry on PM 10 versus PM 2. And the effect size was fairly large—half the infection rate. The masks must be fitted to the face to be more effective. We provide a variety of peel off pore mask online supplied by reliable sellers around the world. A P2 mask is considered the most effective way to limit exposure to toxic bushfire smoke, but it has to seal well around your face (so shave off that beard!). FREE Shipping by Amazon. Face Masks - Health & Beauty from Kogan. Pharmacies wanting to request more masks need to complete a request form available here. 3M 8210 can also be used in certain applications against some bio-aerosols. 5 air mask filtering; 10pcs or 30pcs mask filters, we suggest replacing the filters every week for the best effect; PM 2.